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1 00:00:30,720 --> 00:00:34,960 Okay so here's the situation: you have two different audio recordings, 2 00:00:34,960 --> 00:00:40,240 one for each person who is part of an interview. So those are two separate audio files that we're 3 00:00:40,240 --> 00:00:46,320 going to combine but we also want to add some background music and some other audio. So we're 4 00:00:46,320 --> 00:00:51,520 going to look at where we can find some background music. My favorite spot is Free Music Archive. 5 00:00:53,520 --> 00:00:58,080 There's a lot of different features in Free Music Archive that make it pretty easy to navigate. 6 00:00:58,080 --> 00:01:01,920 One thing is they have the genres so you can look at just instrumental music 7 00:01:03,360 --> 00:01:06,960 (for background music it's a good option). You can listen to any of the songs... 8 00:01:10,160 --> 00:01:14,240 It is a little bit difficult to search through- you have to listen a lot. You can't really go 9 00:01:14,240 --> 00:01:19,600 off the titles or the genres necessarily to find things that you like. So it is kind of a 10 00:01:20,240 --> 00:01:25,840 time-consuming process. I already found a song that I'm going to use. I like this one... 11 00:01:28,320 --> 00:01:32,560 For a little bit of intro music. You can download it straight from here but one 12 00:01:32,560 --> 00:01:36,240 thing that's important to keep in mind is you will want to find out what the usage 13 00:01:36,240 --> 00:01:41,440 rights are. And so not everything in Free Music Archive is going to be completely usable by you. 14 00:01:41,440 --> 00:01:47,120 And I'll have more details about that in the comments, but in this case the license is a BY so 15 00:01:47,120 --> 00:01:52,400 I have to give them attribution -- I have to say who this is by. And then NC so non-commercial and 16 00:01:52,400 --> 00:01:57,840 since I'm not making any money off of this video, I don't, I'm okay I can use this as long as I give 17 00:01:58,560 --> 00:02:04,800 Blue Dot Sessions attribution. And so what I'm going to do is go ahead and download this. And 18 00:02:04,800 --> 00:02:10,160 so if I click on the download on a mac I will also have to right click and then save audio as. 19 00:02:13,920 --> 00:02:15,280 (Wait for my slow computer) 20 00:02:21,440 --> 00:02:29,440 I'm gonna go ahead and close that. I'm going back to the Creating Audio: Software page. So there's 21 00:02:29,440 --> 00:02:34,800 Free Music Archive is a great spot for audio. There's other spots too: YouTube Audio Library 22 00:02:34,800 --> 00:02:40,640 is a good one, searching Bandcamp, vide- Videvo, or I'm not sure you pronounce that -- they have 23 00:02:40,640 --> 00:02:45,520 a few options you've got to make sure that you're restricting it to just free clips though. If you 24 00:02:45,520 --> 00:02:50,720 want other kind of sounds like nature sounds -- I want to have some kind of ambient sounds. My 25 00:02:50,720 --> 00:02:57,920 favorite is Sound Bible. Videvo also has some good clips but I'm going to show you about Sound Bible. 26 00:02:59,360 --> 00:03:04,160 Sound Bible has things broken down by subjects so I can just click on this to see a bunch of 27 00:03:04,160 --> 00:03:08,640 different animal sound options. Some of the more popular more recent ones are going to 28 00:03:08,640 --> 00:03:13,760 show up on the sidebar here. There's new ones down here at the bottom. But I can just search, 29 00:03:13,760 --> 00:03:16,800 and so what I want to do is I'm going to look... I want to look for something... 30 00:03:16,800 --> 00:03:21,920 some sounds of someone going on a hike. And so again I can see license information right here. 31 00:03:22,880 --> 00:03:26,400 Public domain means I don't have to give any attribution. I can do whatever I want with the 32 00:03:26,400 --> 00:03:30,240 recording. I can make money off of it, I can change it, do whatever I want. So that's... 33 00:03:30,240 --> 00:03:34,320 I always like to find public domain. I can listen to it right here: 34 00:03:36,360 --> 00:03:41,440 And that seems pretty close to what I want. And so to download it. I just click on the title of it. 35 00:03:41,440 --> 00:03:46,400 There's a .wav file that I can download or an .mp3. .wav is generally a more... 36 00:03:48,400 --> 00:03:52,000 it's a format that's going to be usable in more different types of programs, 37 00:03:53,040 --> 00:03:56,400 but generally speaking .wav and .mp3 should both be pretty good. I'm going to 38 00:03:56,400 --> 00:04:02,160 grab the .wav file. So I've downloaded my hiking trail sound. I've downloaded my background music. 39 00:04:02,720 --> 00:04:06,960 I already have the recordings of my audio. And so... 40 00:04:06,960 --> 00:04:11,280 for the interview. So what I'm going to do next is I'm going to go ahead and open up Audacity. 41 00:04:11,840 --> 00:04:19,200 It's free and open source so it's one that I recommend to folks. Audacity is pretty easy to use 42 00:04:19,200 --> 00:04:22,560 there's a lot of features that we're not going to cover but for the things that we're going 43 00:04:22,560 --> 00:04:27,680 to cover today... you can do mostly... you can learn how to do most of those pretty quickly. 44 00:04:27,680 --> 00:04:31,600 Hopefully by the end of this video you'll have a good idea of how to do some of these things. 45 00:04:31,600 --> 00:04:36,240 It might take a little bit of trying to get it down. But first, what we're going to do 46 00:04:36,240 --> 00:04:41,840 is we're going to want to import our tracks -- our different audio tracks -- into our project. 47 00:04:42,480 --> 00:04:47,680 And so we can do this just by opening the folder where they're located and then clicking on them 48 00:04:47,680 --> 00:04:54,080 and dragging them into the Audacity workspace. You can see now they're all loaded. There's a separate 49 00:04:54,080 --> 00:05:01,520 track for each different sound clip. So you can see each one is a different length. Each track is 50 00:05:01,520 --> 00:05:06,560 also a stereo track in this case, so you can see there's a left and a right channel for each track. 51 00:05:07,600 --> 00:05:11,760 So it looks like there's eight separate tracks. Depending upon the audio that you import you 52 00:05:11,760 --> 00:05:18,000 might have stereo or you might have mono. Both are fine. Stereo simply means that there might 53 00:05:18,000 --> 00:05:21,600 be a little bit different sound in the left hand channel than in the right hand channel. 54 00:05:22,160 --> 00:05:28,720 And so sometimes that's beneficial, but if you just see one, um, one channel for each track, 55 00:05:28,720 --> 00:05:33,280 that's fine -- no need to panic. And so we can play through and listen to it by hitting the 56 00:05:33,280 --> 00:05:38,720 play button here: [audio playback with various elements playing at once, including narration: 57 00:05:38,720 --> 00:05:41,760 "Hello everyone and welcome to my podcast. Today I have a really..."] 58 00:05:42,880 --> 00:05:46,880 Right now we're hearing everything all together and it's kind of annoying. There's a lot of things 59 00:05:47,600 --> 00:05:52,320 going on at the same time and so one thing I'm going to do is I'm going to start organizing. 60 00:05:52,320 --> 00:05:57,200 You can see we have the titles of the tracks here on the side: and so here we have Tim 61 00:05:57,200 --> 00:06:01,680 speaking. That's Tim's speaking part. And so I can move this up because that's the first thing 62 00:06:01,680 --> 00:06:06,480 I'm going to really focus on. So I can move it up along the queue by clicking on that little 63 00:06:06,480 --> 00:06:12,480 down arrow and moving it all the way to the top. And then you can see here I have Jim's 64 00:06:12,480 --> 00:06:16,080 speaking part. And in the beginning he doesn't really say anything until he gets introduced 65 00:06:16,640 --> 00:06:20,880 a little ways into the segment. And so him... I can kind of ignore that for now 66 00:06:21,840 --> 00:06:26,160 and so I'm going to mute his track so I'm not going to be able to hear it as we play through. 67 00:06:26,160 --> 00:06:29,840 So that's going to make things a little bit easier to focus on. But you can see here I have the 68 00:06:29,840 --> 00:06:34,720 clap at the beginning that makes it so that we can sync it up later and we'll get into that a 69 00:06:34,720 --> 00:06:40,720 little bit later. And so one thing that I want to talk about is being able to focus on the pieces 70 00:06:40,720 --> 00:06:45,200 that you want to. And there's a couple different features in Audacity for you to control that. And 71 00:06:45,200 --> 00:06:49,360 so if I want to just focus on these first two bits: the interviewer and the background music, 72 00:06:49,360 --> 00:06:55,200 I can go ahead and mute the other tracks. So I've already muted the interviewee I can also mute that 73 00:06:55,760 --> 00:07:00,880 outdoor sound, that ambient noise. There's another feature that also kind of enables 74 00:07:00,880 --> 00:07:05,200 you to isolate one track at a time and so instead of muting individual tracks 75 00:07:05,200 --> 00:07:09,920 I can choose the solo button. So now I have everything selected so I can hear it but when 76 00:07:09,920 --> 00:07:14,400 I hit the solo button, I can only hear the one that I click the solo button on. And so 77 00:07:14,400 --> 00:07:18,640 that really lets you focus on just that one track. It's kind of the opposite of the mute, 78 00:07:18,640 --> 00:07:22,960 um but it's a very handy quick way to just isolate one track that you want to listen to 79 00:07:25,360 --> 00:07:29,440 So another useful tool when you're dealing with the playback is being able to skip around on 80 00:07:29,440 --> 00:07:32,800 different parts of the track. And so you can see if you just click on the timeline at the 81 00:07:32,800 --> 00:07:38,800 top it'll move the playhead. But also you can use the spacebar to stop or play the track so if you 82 00:07:38,800 --> 00:07:43,280 ever want to stop it, just hit the spacebar. And if you want to skip ahead, just go ahead and click 83 00:07:43,280 --> 00:07:48,320 anywhere on the timeline. There are also a few different tools at your disposal. So right now, 84 00:07:48,320 --> 00:07:53,280 I'm on the selection tool that's what's highlighted at the top there. And so when I 85 00:07:53,280 --> 00:07:58,960 click and drag, I can select areas of the audio track. if I double click, I can select the entire 86 00:07:58,960 --> 00:08:04,400 track. When I select anything and I hit the delete key it just automatically deletes that. If I hit 87 00:08:04,400 --> 00:08:11,680 ctrl+z, it'll undo that. So I just delete and then ctrl+z. Another useful tool for controlling the 88 00:08:11,680 --> 00:08:18,000 volume really precisely is the envelope tool. And so here I'm going to click a couple dots 89 00:08:18,000 --> 00:08:22,320 and those are just points where I'm going to change the levels. And so here you can see I 90 00:08:22,320 --> 00:08:27,200 have two different points at the beginning. It starts at full volume and then it tapers down to 91 00:08:27,200 --> 00:08:32,720 be a little bit quieter. And I can just control that by clicking and dragging the mouse. And so 92 00:08:32,720 --> 00:08:37,840 this is this will be nice, the music will start in loud in the podcast and then as the person starts 93 00:08:37,840 --> 00:08:44,000 talking it'll get a little bit quieter. And so I can kind of shift the placement of where the 94 00:08:44,000 --> 00:08:48,880 person starts talking to match up with this fade out -- or fade down, rather. 95 00:08:49,680 --> 00:08:53,920 The next tool we're going to look at is the time shift tool. This little double arrow here. And so 96 00:08:53,920 --> 00:09:00,160 this will allow us to place the speaker so that right when they start talking right at the point 97 00:09:00,160 --> 00:09:05,920 where the volume of the music starts going down. And so here we can just visually line those up and 98 00:09:05,920 --> 00:09:09,760 then listen: [audio playback of the background music and narrator: "Hello everyone and welcome 99 00:09:09,760 --> 00:09:15,520 to my podcast. Today I have a really exciting interview with one of my close friends..."] And 100 00:09:15,520 --> 00:09:21,200 really this is a process of listening and kind of just being able to tell by ear whether or not the 101 00:09:21,200 --> 00:09:26,000 levels are going to be sufficient. So is the music quiet enough so that I can hear the speaker? Do I 102 00:09:26,000 --> 00:09:30,240 want to tweak it a little bit? And in this case I do I want to. I want it a little bit quieter 103 00:09:30,240 --> 00:09:35,840 and depending upon your setup and your track sometimes getting it down to get really low can 104 00:09:35,840 --> 00:09:42,560 be tricky. And so you're going to want to change the size of how the tracks are displayed. So you 105 00:09:42,560 --> 00:09:46,320 can just drag the bottom part of the track itself and then it gives you a little more 106 00:09:46,320 --> 00:09:49,280 granular precision: [audio playback of background music and narrator: "a really exciting interview 107 00:09:49,280 --> 00:09:55,040 with one of my close friends. You know, last week..."] And then it's really just a matter of 108 00:09:55,040 --> 00:09:57,520 making little micro adjustments. [audio playback of background music and narrator: "really exciting 109 00:09:57,520 --> 00:10:02,240 interview with one of my close friends..."] To try to see what you do or don't like, you know, 110 00:10:02,240 --> 00:10:07,120 what is acceptable. Is this loud enough? Is it too loud? Can I hear the music at all anymore? 111 00:10:07,120 --> 00:10:10,320 You don't want the music so quiet that it's inaudible or that it's distracting because 112 00:10:10,320 --> 00:10:13,600 people are trying to figure out what's going on but you don't want it to be drowning out 113 00:10:13,600 --> 00:10:17,840 the narration. So now we're just going to listen to the entire beginning sequence: 114 00:10:17,840 --> 00:10:22,720 [audio playback of background music and narrator: 115 00:10:22,720 --> 00:10:26,000 "Hello everyone and welcome to my pod...] I'm pretty happy with that! 116 00:10:27,040 --> 00:10:30,800 Okay so now I have my levels pretty much how I want them. I still have this kind of 117 00:10:30,800 --> 00:10:34,480 annoying clap in the very beginning which we're gonna... we're still gonna use to sync up later, 118 00:10:34,480 --> 00:10:37,920 so I'm not gonna get rid of that yet. But something to keep in mind is, um, 119 00:10:37,920 --> 00:10:42,240 just kind of making sure that you tweak everything so that it's set up to start playing exactly when 120 00:10:42,240 --> 00:10:47,440 you want it to. And speaking of that, I have this track of somebody hiking. It's just ambient 121 00:10:47,440 --> 00:10:52,160 noise of them hiking and in the introduction the interviewer talks about hiking so I want to line 122 00:10:52,160 --> 00:10:55,360 those up so they happen at the same time. [audio playback of background music and narrator: "You 123 00:10:55,360 --> 00:11:00,640 know last week I was out on a hike walking..."] And so I'm going to play it back until I hear 124 00:11:00,640 --> 00:11:03,200 that point where it says "hiking" [audio playback of background music and narrator: "walking through 125 00:11:03,200 --> 00:11:07,760 the forest.."] I'm going to make a note of where that happens on the timeline, right. So I want 126 00:11:07,760 --> 00:11:11,760 to [audio playback cuts in and out periodically] shift I'm going to use the time shift tool to move 127 00:11:11,760 --> 00:11:16,720 that hiking sound right at that same point, about 15 seconds. Okay so I'm gonna have to switch from 128 00:11:16,720 --> 00:11:22,560 the envelope tool to the time shift tool. And you can see I have this little "No" icon. So the 129 00:11:23,200 --> 00:11:27,840 mouse cursor is a little "No" symbol that means that I can't use it on any of these. 130 00:11:28,960 --> 00:11:34,160 That's because I didn't have my track stopped. I had it paused instead of stopped. Once it's 131 00:11:34,160 --> 00:11:41,200 stopped, then I can shift this to where I want it to be. And since I have track one way up high and 132 00:11:41,200 --> 00:11:45,760 track three pretty far down one thing I can do is just make track two a little bit more narrow, 133 00:11:45,760 --> 00:11:50,240 or I can move track three all the way up which is what I prefer to do. I like to see them side by 134 00:11:50,240 --> 00:11:54,640 side. There's no real difference in whether... in the order of the tracks. They all will sound the 135 00:11:54,640 --> 00:11:58,369 same, so it's really just whatever your workflow preference is. [audio playback of background 136 00:11:58,369 --> 00:12:02,000 music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...you know last week I was out on a hike walking through 137 00:12:02,000 --> 00:12:08,480 the forest enjoying the sun..."] Just try to get that exactly where I want it to be so it matches 138 00:12:08,480 --> 00:12:12,320 up with the narration -- so it goes along with what the listener is going to be listening to. 139 00:12:13,680 --> 00:12:17,440 And I'm going to go back to the selection tool because now I want to select this track. 140 00:12:17,440 --> 00:12:20,960 The background noise is a little too loud so I'm going to just lower that. 141 00:12:20,960 --> 00:12:24,320 And instead of using the envelope tool I'm going to use an effect. So there's a whole 142 00:12:24,320 --> 00:12:27,760 wide range of effects. There's a few things I want to do: maybe fade in, fade out... 143 00:12:28,640 --> 00:12:34,000 but just the overall volume, I'm going to play with the amplify tool. Amplify will let me either 144 00:12:34,000 --> 00:12:39,200 boost or reduce the volume for that track. So in this case I'm just going to choose... 145 00:12:40,080 --> 00:12:45,520 the amplification: I'm going to go negative 10 decibels. That's a pretty significant drop in 146 00:12:45,520 --> 00:12:46,720 volume: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...in the air and 147 00:12:46,720 --> 00:12:53,120 the birds in the trees feeling the ground beneath the soles of my feet..."] So I'm pretty happy here 148 00:12:53,120 --> 00:12:58,800 with the volume of the background noise but I noticed that the speaker gets quieter a little 149 00:12:58,800 --> 00:13:02,960 ways into it. So they started off talking a little bit louder and then they got quieter once it went 150 00:13:02,960 --> 00:13:04,480 underway: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...ground beneath 151 00:13:04,480 --> 00:13:09,280 the soles of my feet I thought of one..."] And so it's really kind of just battling against 152 00:13:09,280 --> 00:13:13,120 that background noise. So I don't want to reduce the background noise too far because then we won't 153 00:13:13,120 --> 00:13:17,440 be able to hear it so instead what I'm going to do is I'm going to try to to bring up the level 154 00:13:18,160 --> 00:13:24,160 of the narration. And so here we can see there's some low lows and some high peaks. And so I'm 155 00:13:24,160 --> 00:13:27,520 going to use a tool called the compressor which is going to kind of even all those out. So all 156 00:13:27,520 --> 00:13:30,880 the peaks will be about the same level. I'm just going to go with the presets I'm 157 00:13:30,880 --> 00:13:35,920 not going to change anything just click "OK." And now you can see those peaks -- those high 158 00:13:35,920 --> 00:13:40,080 peaks are all pretty much matched. There's a little more uniformity across the middle there 159 00:13:40,080 --> 00:13:43,200 as well: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...feeling the ground 160 00:13:43,200 --> 00:13:47,840 beneath the soles of my feet I thought of one person who's introduced me to so many wonderful 161 00:13:47,840 --> 00:13:52,560 spots..."] And that's quite a bit better. I like the levels quite a bit more but I can use the 162 00:13:52,560 --> 00:13:58,320 amplify tool to give it just a little bit more of a boost so now that it's more uniform: bring 163 00:13:58,320 --> 00:14:00,320 those peaks up a little bit more. [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: 164 00:14:00,320 --> 00:14:04,320 "...feet I thought of one person who's introduced me to so many wonderful spots..."] 165 00:14:04,960 --> 00:14:09,200 And that is pretty close. That sounds really good I can still hear the background quite well 166 00:14:09,200 --> 00:14:13,120 as well as the narration. But now I want to kind of tweak the background so that 167 00:14:13,120 --> 00:14:17,040 really matches up to what the narrator is saying. So I want it to end right where 168 00:14:17,040 --> 00:14:22,880 the narrator ends I want it to fade in so it doesn't have a sharp starting point and I want 169 00:14:22,880 --> 00:14:27,280 it to fade out so it doesn't have a sharp ending point. And so I'm going to use those two tools. 170 00:14:29,040 --> 00:14:33,840 But one thing I haven't done yet is make sure that it's the length that I want it to. So I have it 171 00:14:33,840 --> 00:14:37,360 starting where I want it to start but I haven't checked to see if it's going to end where I want 172 00:14:37,360 --> 00:14:41,280 it to end, right? And that's pretty important -- we don't want the background noise to be going on 173 00:14:42,080 --> 00:14:45,280 when we've shifted to a different topic. So let's listen to that 174 00:14:45,280 --> 00:14:47,280 again: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...one person who's 175 00:14:47,280 --> 00:14:53,120 introduced me to so many wonderful spots and he's here in the studio today to talk to me about..."] 176 00:14:53,120 --> 00:14:57,040 Okay and so now when we're talking about the person coming into the studio 177 00:14:57,040 --> 00:15:02,240 that's where we know we want that background noise to end. Now we only want that imagery to be when 178 00:15:02,240 --> 00:15:07,040 we're out on hike once we come back to the studio we're going to get rid of that background sound so 179 00:15:07,040 --> 00:15:11,360 that people understand we're back in the studio. So what I'm going to do now is just delete the 180 00:15:11,360 --> 00:15:16,640 last part right so I'll find the spot where I want to end. Select it all and then just hit the delete 181 00:15:16,640 --> 00:15:22,400 key. It's going to get rid of that last bit. And so now, though, I've lost my fade out so I'm going 182 00:15:22,400 --> 00:15:26,209 to go ahead and select the end of it again and do my fade out effect. [audio playback of background 183 00:15:26,209 --> 00:15:30,320 music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...and so he's here in the studio today to talk to me about 184 00:15:30,320 --> 00:15:36,160 how he started his business sharing wonderful areas like this and a little insight..."] And 185 00:15:36,160 --> 00:15:39,840 that's a pretty perfect ending spot right there that I'm pretty happy with where that ends off. 186 00:15:41,120 --> 00:15:45,440 However, there's one other thing that I want to kind of tweak. So I've got three sounds competing 187 00:15:45,440 --> 00:15:46,880 here, I've got: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...the 188 00:15:46,880 --> 00:15:51,120 ground beneath the soles of my feet. I thought of one person who's introduced me just..."] I've 189 00:15:51,120 --> 00:15:55,520 got the background music, the hiking, and the narration. And it's a little bit much. That can, 190 00:15:55,520 --> 00:15:59,600 you know, depending on your personal preferences that can be fine but me, personally, I want to 191 00:15:59,600 --> 00:16:04,000 really just go on this hike I want this hike to be the only thing that the listener is thinking 192 00:16:04,000 --> 00:16:10,320 about. So I'm going to use my envelope tool again on the music and I'm going to totally fade it down 193 00:16:10,320 --> 00:16:14,800 all the way so we can't hear it. And again you can just kind of tweak, play around, 194 00:16:14,800 --> 00:16:19,440 with that envelope tool and move those dots around. Get the right amount of fade in, 195 00:16:19,440 --> 00:16:20,880 fade out there. [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...and the 196 00:16:20,880 --> 00:16:26,320 trees. Feeling the ground beneath the soles of my feet, I thought of one person who's introduced me 197 00:16:26,320 --> 00:16:30,400 to so many won..."] And now that has quite a different feel, right? I really like that: 198 00:16:30,400 --> 00:16:35,360 no sound, no music, at all. Nothing other than person talking and the hike. And it really kind 199 00:16:35,360 --> 00:16:40,640 of takes the listener out of the studio onto the trail and that's kind of what I'm hoping for in 200 00:16:40,640 --> 00:16:46,160 that moment. But I want to make sure that there's no music at all, so I'm going to solo that track 201 00:16:46,160 --> 00:16:49,840 and then listen to it again and make sure that there's no sound at all. 202 00:16:53,920 --> 00:16:58,400 Sure enough it's perfectly quiet so I'm pretty happy with that. And so now I'm going to listen 203 00:16:58,400 --> 00:17:01,959 to it all again together here, let's see: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking 204 00:17:01,959 --> 00:17:06,800 sound: "...and he's here in the studio today to talk to me about how he started his business, 205 00:17:06,800 --> 00:17:12,400 sharing wonderful areas like this and a little insight into what he does on day to day. 206 00:17:13,280 --> 00:17:19,520 Jim, welcome to the podcast!"] And so now we have it fading out of the trail back into the 207 00:17:19,520 --> 00:17:26,000 music back into the studio. And then we need to sync up the interviewee with the interviewer. 208 00:17:26,000 --> 00:17:30,160 So I'm going to move the order of my tracks again. I got Jim all the way up here at the top, 209 00:17:30,160 --> 00:17:36,640 so Jim can be matched up with the interviewer. And so you can see here is when he comes in it's... 210 00:17:36,640 --> 00:17:40,000 there's a bit of a lag from where it's supposed to be. And that's because at the beginning he, 211 00:17:41,040 --> 00:17:44,800 uh, started recording a bunch of dead air at the beginning, which is totally fine -- that's better 212 00:17:44,800 --> 00:17:49,040 than starting halfway in or something. But what I'm going to do is I'm going to sync up these 213 00:17:49,040 --> 00:17:53,440 claps. And so I'm just going to use the time shift tool. Delete the beginning of his track. 214 00:17:55,200 --> 00:17:59,840 Line up those two lines there. We can see the clap there is that line, that long vertical line, 215 00:18:00,560 --> 00:18:06,320 just visually line those up. It can be a little bit easier to line those up if I use the zoom in 216 00:18:06,320 --> 00:18:11,280 tool. So that's just a little magnifying glass and I just click on that spot. And you can see here 217 00:18:11,280 --> 00:18:17,280 the claps are still a little bit off so I'm going to go ahead and use the time shift tool. Yeah, 218 00:18:17,280 --> 00:18:22,960 there we go. And line those up just as perfectly as I can and then I'm going to play it back and 219 00:18:22,960 --> 00:18:30,560 listen and see how closely those are synced. And that's pretty close. That's pretty perfect. You 220 00:18:30,560 --> 00:18:34,160 know, you can kind of play around with this until you get it exactly how you want it to 221 00:18:34,160 --> 00:18:39,200 be but for the most part you know you can be a few milliseconds off and it'll sound fine. It's 222 00:18:39,200 --> 00:18:43,840 only if you can hear both people through one mic that it might cause some sort of problem. 223 00:18:43,840 --> 00:18:48,720 But if they're in two different cities or, you know, two different rooms entirely, 224 00:18:48,720 --> 00:18:50,891 um, being a little bit off isn't going to make a huge difference. [audio playback of background 225 00:18:50,891 --> 00:18:53,600 music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...welcome to the podcast. (second speaker) Well thank 226 00:18:53,600 --> 00:18:57,440 you for having me!"] So in this case I'm pretty happy with that. You know, you have the person 227 00:18:58,240 --> 00:19:02,080 coming in at an appropriate amount of time after the interviewer asks them a question. 228 00:19:02,720 --> 00:19:08,080 And so I like that. And one other thing, though, to think about is do I want the background music 229 00:19:08,080 --> 00:19:15,280 playing throughout? So here I can say "sure, maybe I want the background music playing forever." 230 00:19:16,480 --> 00:19:19,680 "Maybe I want to lower it a little bit." "Maybe I want to totally fade it out." 231 00:19:20,880 --> 00:19:26,800 Maybe the background music is just for this kind of opening intro and so once I fade, once I get 232 00:19:26,800 --> 00:19:32,080 into the interview itself then I want to fade the music out so we can just focus on the interview. 233 00:19:32,720 --> 00:19:36,960 Again, it's kind of personal preference. I'm going to get rid of this. And so one thing I 234 00:19:36,960 --> 00:19:41,280 can do is I could select that and I could delete it. I could just get rid of it entirely if I'm 235 00:19:41,280 --> 00:19:46,080 not going to use it again. There's not really a whole... there's not a lot of drawbacks to that. 236 00:19:47,040 --> 00:19:52,720 The only possible problem would be that maybe I want to come back to the music at the end. And so 237 00:19:52,720 --> 00:19:59,600 I'm going to just use the envelope tool to just fade it out. And so as this, as Jim is starting 238 00:19:59,600 --> 00:20:04,080 to talk I'm going to slowly fade it out. So when he says "thank you for having me" or whatever, 239 00:20:04,080 --> 00:20:09,920 the music is just slowly fading out. And so then their discussion starts and there's no music, 240 00:20:09,920 --> 00:20:16,160 there's no trail sounds, there's nothing else other than just quiet studio. And again you can 241 00:20:16,160 --> 00:20:20,800 kind of tweak this. As you drag the little dot forward and backward along the timeline 242 00:20:21,920 --> 00:20:27,920 it will change the length of that fade out. One thing you want to pay attention to, again, 243 00:20:27,920 --> 00:20:32,880 is making sure that you're listening to it so that it is dead air. In this case we don't hear 244 00:20:32,880 --> 00:20:33,600 anything: [audio playback of background music, narrator, and hiking sound: "...to 245 00:20:33,600 --> 00:20:36,560 the podcast. (second speaker) Well thank you for having me!" 246 00:20:39,120 --> 00:20:45,600 Totally dead, so that's that's great. And now you know, uh, obviously if this was a longer project, 247 00:20:45,600 --> 00:20:52,560 a real project, these were just samples -- sample files -- um, we'd have a much longer interview. 248 00:20:52,560 --> 00:20:58,880 But I'd have my intro nailed at this point and assuming that my two speakers... their levels are 249 00:20:58,880 --> 00:21:04,320 right overall, which I can tweak with the amplify. Maybe for the interviewee, I'd want to compress 250 00:21:04,320 --> 00:21:08,400 all of his audio as well. So I could double click and compress that and amplify it a little bit. 251 00:21:09,600 --> 00:21:14,720 But otherwise, you know, that should remain pretty easy. Once their conversation starts I'm not going 252 00:21:14,720 --> 00:21:18,960 to be tweaking all these different things so at this point I'm pretty close to just being done. 253 00:21:19,840 --> 00:21:23,760 And since I just lowered the volume with the envelope tool of that background track I can 254 00:21:23,760 --> 00:21:29,360 bring up that music again later. Maybe in between segments or at the end. Another thing though that 255 00:21:29,360 --> 00:21:32,720 I want to cover real quick is how to kind of get rid of any mistakes. So let's just 256 00:21:32,720 --> 00:21:37,920 pretend this middle section here in the intro is something I want to delete out. I can just select 257 00:21:37,920 --> 00:21:43,120 it with the select tool, hit the delete key, delete it. And I can do the same for part of... 258 00:21:43,120 --> 00:21:48,720 part of the segment in the middle or the whole ending part. I can also select... and so I'm 259 00:21:48,720 --> 00:21:54,960 going to undo that, so I get all the full track back. I can also select part of it and 260 00:21:54,960 --> 00:22:00,480 cut it out. And then I can move... move it to a different area, or move a different segment, 261 00:22:00,480 --> 00:22:04,160 rather than just deleting it. When I delete it, it just automatically goes all back together. 262 00:22:04,720 --> 00:22:09,280 Instead, with the cut tool -- this little scissors here -- I can cut it out and then 263 00:22:09,280 --> 00:22:15,520 I have that saved to my clipboard. And then I can delete any part or I can move that cut piece to a 264 00:22:15,520 --> 00:22:20,800 different section. So I'm going to delete the part that was the mistake move my timeline, move my 265 00:22:22,480 --> 00:22:26,480 cursor to the point on the timeline where I want to then paste it in. And so now I have some dead 266 00:22:26,480 --> 00:22:32,000 air in the middle there so in case my timings were important you know I didn't want the the 267 00:22:32,000 --> 00:22:38,240 piece just to be deleted out with no dead air in between I can do that. The other thing, though, 268 00:22:38,240 --> 00:22:42,800 I want to do is I want to zoom in to make sure there's no noise at all. So in this case there's 269 00:22:42,800 --> 00:22:47,440 that little tiny sound wave so there's going to be a pop. So by zooming in I can just delete any 270 00:22:47,440 --> 00:22:51,520 last little little vestige of it. As long as you have a really good flat line there that 271 00:22:51,520 --> 00:22:55,520 means it's pretty much all quiet but another thing I might do is do a fade in or fade out 272 00:22:56,400 --> 00:23:03,040 just to kind of reduce any pops that might occur from cutting something out right in the middle 273 00:23:05,120 --> 00:23:10,720 And then here I can time shift the whole piece, there, so that the 274 00:23:10,720 --> 00:23:15,760 interviewer and the interviewee are still lined up. So again, you know, you want to 275 00:23:15,760 --> 00:23:19,440 think about the timings whenever you're deleting out... if you're cutting out a middle piece 276 00:23:20,320 --> 00:23:24,720 because you made a mistake or for whatever reason, you want to make sure that doesn't throw off the 277 00:23:24,720 --> 00:23:31,120 other timings with other people. And so that's the basics of Audacity! We looked at some of the 278 00:23:31,120 --> 00:23:35,520 tools. We looked at some of the effects. There's certainly a lot more that you can do with Audacity 279 00:23:35,520 --> 00:23:39,120 but these are some of the basics that can get you started in creating a podcast. 280 00:23:39,760 --> 00:23:45,280 Check the notes: there's links to a lot of these different tools and to other tutorials. And 281 00:23:45,280 --> 00:23:51,200 check out the creating audio guide, there's a lot more links as well, including one that's a video 282 00:23:51,200 --> 00:23:59,280 tutorial on using Audacity in general. And if you have any questions don't hesitate to ask! Thanks!